What is the State Disability Insurance (SDI) program?

Back to top
The State of California administers the State Disability Insurance program, commonly referred to as SDI. It is a public disability insurance program that pays a benefit every other week.

How do I contact the SDI program?

Back to top
To get help with somebody about the SDI program, you need to contact the Employment Development Department (EDD) of California. Click here for contact information, including online chat, phone numbers, and office locations. If you plan to call by phone, consider calling one of the non-English phone numbers -- the people who answer them are knowledgeable about SDI and speak English in addition to the other language.

Note: DB101 cannot answer questions about your SDI claim. If you have questions, please contact EDD.

Who Pays for SDI?

Back to top
Covered employees pay SDI premiums through payroll taxes. Self-employed people may participate by enrolling in elective coverage and pay premiums based on their profits from the previous year.

Who is covered by SDI?

Back to top
Most California employees are covered by SDI. Groups of employees that are not covered include:
  • Interstate Railroad workers
  • Some domestic workers
  • Most government employees
  • Some non-profit employees
  • Those who claim a religious exemption

People who are self-employed or have their own business can get elective coverage.

What is Paid Family Leave?

Back to top
Paid Family Leave (PFL) is part of the SDI program. It replaces income you lose when you miss work to care for a sick relative or bond with a new child. Although there's a different form for making a claim, the benefit is calculated the same way as SDI is. You can have up to eight weeks of PFL per year. Note: Before July 1, 2020, you could only have six weeks of PFL per year.

How is the SDI benefit calculated?

Back to top
The SDI program generally pays 60-70% of the wages you earned before your disability. They determine your wages by looking at a yearlong period that starts around 17 months before your disability, and ends around 5 months before your disability. Those 12 months are called your base period. SDI divides your base period into 4 quarters and uses the quarter when you had the highest wages to determine your benefit.

How is a base period determined?

Back to top
The base periods are determined as follows:

Claims beginning in the months of January, February, or March of 2020:
The base period is the 12 months from October 1, 2018 to September 30, 2019.

Claims beginning in the months of April, May, or June of 2020:
The base period is the 12 months from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019.

Claims beginning in the months of July, August, or September of 2020:
The base period is the 12 months from April 1, 2019 to March 31, 2020.

Claims beginning in the months of October, November, or December of 2020:
The base period is the 12 months from July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020.

How long does the SDI benefit last?

Back to top
Your benefit period depends on your medical provider's statement of how long your disability is expected to last. Your medical provider can extend this period up to the program maximum, which is generally 52 weeks (39 weeks for elective coverage).

If you return to work part time or have other income during your benefit period, you can get a partial benefit for longer than 52 weeks.

What are the medical eligibility requirements for SDI?

Back to top
Medical eligibility is for any illness or injury, either physical or mental, that prevents an individual from doing his or her usual or customary work. This definition also includes disabilities resulting from elective surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition.

If you are getting Paid Family Leave for caring for a sick relative, the relative has to have a mental or physical condition that requires hospitalization, hospice care, or treatment in a residential medical facility.

Does what I have in the bank or what I own, such as a home or car, affect my eligibility for SDI?

Back to top
No. There are no limits on what you own or have in the bank for this program.

How do I apply for SDI?

Back to top
To get SDI benefits when you are unable to work because of a non-work-related injury or illness, you can apply:

To apply for Paid Family Leave to care for a relative with a disability, the forms are different by the options for applying are the same:

How soon after applying will I be eligible for benefits from SDI?

Back to top
There is a seven day waiting period for all disabilities before benefits are paid. Benefits are issued from the eighth day forward. SDI normally processes applications within 14 days from the date of receipt.

Note: There is no waiting period for Paid Family Leave (PFL).

What is the difference between State Disability Insurance (SDI) and Social Security disability programs?

Back to top
The SDI program is sponsored by California and covers a wide range of disabilities lasting more than seven days. Their medical determination covers individuals that are unable to work in their usual or customary work and who are partially or totally disabled. It also covers Paid Family Leave for those who are caring for a sick relative or bonding with a new child.

Social Security’s disability programs require that the disability be a total disability, which will last for a continuous period of at least 12 months or can be expected to result in death. Social Security requires that a person must not only be unable to do his or her previous work, but also that he or she cannot--considering age, education, and work experience--engage in any other kind of work that exists in the national economy.

Can I qualify for the State Disability Insurance (SDI) program while I am eligible for either Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)?

Back to top
Yes. Eligibility for the Social Security programs will not affect your eligibility for State Disability Insurance (SDI). However, your eligibility for State Disability may affect your eligibility or benefit amount from the Supplemental Security Income or Social Security Disability Insurance programs.

How do I stay enrolled/eligible in the SDI program? How often do I have to reapply?

Back to top
To continue to be eligible for the duration stated by your medical provider, you will need to complete the “Disability Claim Continuing Eligibility Certification” questionnaire that is mailed quarterly. Also see "How long does the SDI benefit last? ".

Are there rules for immigrants to qualify for SDI?

Back to top
SDI does not have a proof of citizenship or immigration status requirement at the time of application.

Will SDI provide me with income if I am currently still working and need to reduce my work hours because of my disability?

Back to top
Yes. You may be eligible for a partial or full benefit if you are working less than your regular hours.

Can I receive both Unemployment Insurance and SDI benefits?

Back to top
No. You cannot receive Unemployment Insurance and SDI benefits simultaneously. You should consider Unemployment Insurance if you are now able to work and looking for work. You should apply for SDI if you are unable to work due to a disability.

What happens when I work while receiving benefits from the SDI program?

Back to top
Your SDI benefit amount depends on how much you make with the combination of your new wages and SDI benefit. If that amount is lower than your pre-disability wages, you'll continue to receive the full SDI benefit. If that amount is higher than your pre-disability wages, your SDI benefit will be reduced accordingly.

If there is a reduction in your SDI payment, your benefit period may go beyond the 52 week maximum (39 weeks for elective coverage).

When should I file my claim?

Back to top
You should file your application in a timely manner, no earlier than the 9th and no later than the 49th day after the date your claim states your disability began. If you are beyond the 49th day, include a letter explaining why you couldn't file your claim in time.

Does SDI cover pregnancy?

Back to top
Yes. For a pregnancy without complications, the benefit period is generally from 4 weeks before your due date to 6 weeks after your delivery. If your pregnancy prevents you from working before or after that period, your doctor has to indicate why on the claim form.

Note: This article focuses on SDI for people with disabilities and Paid Family Leave (PFL) for people taking care of a person with a disability. For more information about Pregnancy Disability Leave, contact the EDD.