CAPI and Immigration Status

When you enter the country, the U.S. Citizen and Immigration Services agency gives you a certain immigration status. CAPI considers this status when figuring out if you are eligible for a benefit. CAPI is for immigrants classified either as Qualified Aliens or as Permanently Residing Under Color of Law (PRUCOL). See the glossary definitions of these terms for a detailed description of these categories. CAPI is set up for people who can’t get SSI because of changes to the eligibility rules that went into effect on August 22, 1996, so your eligibility for the program depends on that date.

If you entered the United States before August 22, 1996, you may be eligible for CAPI if you are:

  • A Qualified Alien who is 65 or over, who lawfully resided in the United States on August 21, 1996
  • An alien who is aged (65 years old or older), blind, or disabled PRUCOL
  • A Qualified Alien victim of battery or abuse

If you entered the United States on or after August 22, 1996, your sponsorship matters. You may be eligible for CAPI if you are:

  • An aged, blind, or disabled Qualified Alien whose sponsor (or sponsor’s spouse) is dead, disabled, or abusive
  • An aged, blind, or disabled Qualified Alien or PRUCOL who either doesn’t have a sponsor, or whose sponsor isn’t dead, disabled or abusive.
  • A Qualified Alien victim of battery or abuse